Wildlife census is one of the most important parts of wildlife conservation. It is the counting of various species living in a particular habitat or area at a given time. The aim of the census is not only to count the number of different species but also to get an idea about their sex- ratio, their density, etc. It also gives an idea about the population of a particular species of a specific region at a specific period.
It provides an idea about the species which are on the verge of extinction, whether they are decreasing or increasing in number, and if they are, then at what rate and the population of a particular species in various seasons, circumstances, and years.
For conducting the wildlife census, Hope and Beyond have been practicing methods like camera tracking and water hole tracking. For camera tracking, various cameras are installed at different places in the areas inhabited by wild animals like tigers, leopards, spotted deer, sloth bear, etc. Based on the camera footage, the information is collected and reported to the Forest Department. For the water hole method, multiple artificial water reservoirs are constructed in the forest at different places. When the wild animals come to drink water, they are tracked, and important information about them is recorded. This method is advantageous, especially during summers. The census is conducted under certain guidelines or protocols set up by the government of India. For instance, all team members are supposed to wear earth-colored clothes (brown or green) so that they get camouflaged in the wild and do not traumatize the animals. The use of mobile phones and torchlights is strictly prohibited.